Step 5: Make up the Lining Panels
Printable Worksheet
Printable Worksheet


The number of widths of lining needed is the same as the number of widths of fabric.

  • Cut each width of lining the length of the LINING CUT DROP calculated in step 4.
  • If you are working with an odd number of widths each curtain will contain a half width. Cut down one of the widths to split it into 2 equal halves.
This video shows you
  • How to measure and mark your cut drops.
  • How to cut your cut drops.
  • How to split a width in half.
  • How to make sure you use the correct sides the right way up later.

If more than one width is required per curtain, join the the lining panels with a plain seam.


  • Lay lining panels to be joined right side together (make sure the panels are the same way up) align bottoms and edges.
  • If you are working with an odd number of widths each curtain will contain a half width. The half widths should be on the outer edges of the curtain. Join the selvedge to selvedge.
  • Join the appropriate lining widths with a plain seam.
  • Press the seams open
  • Check the bottom of the joined panels are straight, if not trim.

Eg: A pair of curtains requiring 3 widths, each curtain fabric panel is 1.5 widths (half widths on outer edges).

This video will show you
  • How to make sure you are joining correct sides and the right way up.
  • How to sew a plain seam.
  • How to press a plain seam.

Questions & Comments


Help! I paid for a 3 month password yesterday for Lined double pleat curtains tutorial and the 1st video I have tried to watch, Making Up The Lining Panels, says that I am denied entry as my password is not valid. Thank You


I suspect the fact you are posting here on the pencil pleat tutorial, is that you need to switch to the correct tutorial (Lined Double Pleat Curtain Tutorial) and enter your passcode. Please email us via our CONTACT FORM with name and email details,


I am making a pair of patterned curtains that have 3 widths of fabric per curtain (6 for the pair). My curtain fabric is 143cm from selvedge to selvedge but to match the patterns across the 3 widths will make the width of the middle panel a maxiumum 137cm. My lining width from selvedge to selvedge is 138cm. Is 0.5cm hem enough for the lining of the middle width? or would you move one of the seams to reduce the width of the middle panel - to pattern match - this will loose 28cm out of middle panel and reduce the fullness factor from 2.5 to just under 2.3. I guess the other option is to buy wider lining fabric. Any suggestions would be great.


If you need the 2.5 fullness we would add another strip of lining (not reduce the seam allowance on the joins)

If you don't need need the 2.5 and 2.3 is acceptable we would join the 3 widths of fabric as normal and trim the width of the joined fabric panel by removing from the outside edge the amount required (note this means you may not have to remove a whole horizontal pattern repeat to trim the fabric so it is the right size for the lining and may be able to get the fullness ratio a little higher)

Lindy Foyle

Hi, my fabric only has a selvedge on one side. Is there another way I can live the pattern up please? Thanks.


You will just have to move the edges until you get a match.


Please can you advise what seam allowance to use when joining the lining (and fabric) lengths.


When joining lining panels we use a 2cm seam allowance (each side). Also when joining fabric panels we use a 2cm seam allowance (each side).


The width of my curtain fabric is 160cm whilst the width of the lining fabric I am thinking of buying is 140cm. Do they need to be the same width? My pole length is about 125cm. Thank you.


You will see in Step 7 the lining panel will be 10cm narrower than the fabric panel when you trim them before joining. In your case I would trim the fabric down to 150cm width (assuming you are going for 1 width per curtain), rather than buy extra lining and join it.

Claire Johnson

Hi my curtain fabric is 150cm selvage to selvage and my lining is 145 selvage to selvage. The pole length is 203cm. How shall I work around the different fabric widths. Should I allow for 4 widths lining fabric and cut down the main curtain fabric


Make up your fabric panels and lining panels out of the widths as they are, joining where necessary.
(note the lining panel will be narrower than your fabric panel due different width sizes)

Now If you look ahead to step 7 when you come to join the fabric and lining panels together. At item 6 It says trim the lining panel so it sits 5cm in from each side of the fabric (note sometimes you may need to trim the fabric.)

In your case I think the panels will be just about the right size and require very little trimming as the lining is narrower than the fabric. 

Grace Gadd

I want to make interlined curtains and have come across bonded interlining. Does this give as good a finish as separate interlining and lining fabric. Many thanks.


No it doesn't give as good a finish. Using separate interlining and lining, the interlining forms one with the fabric giving the fabric a thicker feel. The bonded interlining hangs away from the fabric as it also acts as the lining. 

The most professional finish is obtained making the curtain the traditional way with separate lining and interlining. 


If the lining has slipped after joining the seams and I need to trim at the bottom to get it straight again, how does this affect the overall curtain length? Shall I make a smaller hem?




If you have lost a small amount of length from joining and trimming you can make the first turn of the double hem smaller to make up for this.


My fabric and lining have different widths.

My curtain fabric is working out to 6 widths exactly. My measurements are 288cm by 102cm for the curtain size.

So I am doing to 2.5 fullness so the amount of fabric is 6 widths (120width fabric) and the lining is 140width and coming up at 5.14 widths. So should I round up to 6 widths as it mentions about the amount should be the same curtain and lining or should I do 6 fabric widths and 5 lining widths? I am using black out lining if this makes a difference which I have never used before.

Thank you!


If you use 5 widths you will not have enough lining as you need a minimum of 5.14. Therefore you will need to use 5.5 widths of lining to the 6 widths of fabric. As the drop is only 102cm though you could use the lining sideways to avoid any joins. As it it blackout just check it hangs ok in that direction.


Hi, I am using bonded dual purpose (also blackout) lining. It is not very thick or too rubbery. Do I hem it separately from the main fabric? Thanks so much.


The lining and fabric are hemmed separately for normal cotton lining so not sure what you are asking to do differently. You can construct the curtain the same way we do with cotton lining in this tutorial with your bonded lining and it will work. With blackout we make them differently so the blackout goes to the edge of the curtain but that is a whole new tutorial and different method (we will make that tutorial but it will be a while). You'll only have a couple of cms on each edge of the curtain that isn't blackout if you use this tutorial.


Thanks so much. As the lining and blackout fabric are bonded, I guess I should hem them separately BUT I wanted to sew the lining in to the side seams. Can I do this?


Yes that should be ok


Hello I am making curtains for the first time. My pole length is 127cm. My fabric is 150cm.

If I need twice the pole width, am I right in thinking that I cut 127cm of fabric for each curtain?

Do I need to add more for seam allowance? 2cm at each side therefore 131cm?

There is a selvege at each side, do I cut those both off or just one when cutting to size?

Sorry to sound stupid, but I really don't want to get this wrong!



Hi Sarah

We make pencil pleat curtains to the nearest half width eg 1 width, 1.5 widths, 2 widths per curtain. The calculation is in STEP 3.

in your case multiply the pole length by the fullness ratio of 2.0 gives 2.54 
divide 2.54 by the fabric width of 1.5m =1.69widths
round up to the nearest whole width gives you 2 widths to make the pair of curtains.
That is 1 whole width per curtain.

The seam allowance and selvedge  is all accounted for in the width of fabric to make the curtain, so don't cut the fabric width down, just use the full 150cm width to make the curtain. The video in STEP 7 shows you how to adjust the width of the fabric if required when joining the lining to it. You may well need to do this as your fabric is slightly wider than standard and is most probably wider than your lining. 


The selvages on my fabric are 2 cms. Matching the pattern selvage side to selvage side means I have surplus fabric on both drops so the seam allowance is 3 cms. Should I trim these? It seems a pity to create raw edges but the allowance does look a bit wide.Should I just slash the selvages instead?

Thank you so much for your speedy and knowledgable replies to my queries.


You can trim it, we would probably just leave it.



I'm getting confused about which seams to join... the video seems to show that the fabric should be joined where it was cut but this seems a bit counter-intuitive cutting and then rejoining so i wanted to double check whether thats the case or if it should be joined along the natural edges perpendicular to the cut edges?


You join selvedge to selvedge (natural edge to natural edge) that is what is being done in the video. The lining has a very straight crisp selvedge in the video.


sorry I am unable to understand the first line on this it cut each of the width of the lining and length of the lining cut drop. Can you please explain

Many Thanks


You will need a number of widths of lining and the same number of widths of fabric to make your curtain. You will have calculated the number of widths in STEP 3.

Each one of the these widths has to be cut to a certain length. For lining you cut each width to the length of the LINING CUT DROP calculated in STEP 4.


Why do we have to cut and make up the lining panels before the fabric? Or does it not really matter if I make the fabric panels first?


ou do not have to cut the lining panels first you can do them after if you like.

It's just handier to have them ready when you are working on the fabric panels and get to the point of joining. Rather than take all the fabric off the table and start making up the lining. You can just continue with the fabric in place already and join.


Do you have any tips for getting the bottom edge of the joined panels straight without the benefit of a large flat surface? No matter how neatly I sew the selvedges together I always seem to get a slight mismatch at the bottom! I am working with two and a half widths for each curtain and finding it very difficult to be certain that the hem is straight all the way across. Any advice would be much appreciated. Thank you


That is covered in the videos

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